PDF | Acanthus ilicifolius Linn. (Acanthaceae) is relatively lesser-known, yet important medicinal plant of Herbal Materia Medica. The plant is used in traditional. PDF | Acanthus ilicifolius Linn, is a perennial herb (Acanthaceae) widely found in the Sundarban mangroves and is popularly used for its. Note: AI; concentrations of extracts of Acanthus ilicifolius,. Methylmetanesulphonate 5 μg/ml /kg body weight) at 16 h of treatment. Calculations were made.
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Acanthus ilicifolius Linn. (Acanthaceae) is relatively lesser-known, yet important medicinal plant of Herbal Materia Medica. The plant is used in traditional. Acanthus ilicifolius Linn. (Acanthaceae) is relatively lesser-known, yet important medicinal plant of Herbal Materia Medica. The plant is used in. Acanthus ilicifolius (Acanthaceae) has received considerable attention due to its wide range of secondary metabolites and its traditional usage in Indian and.
The functional group present in these compounds was identified by IR spectral analysis.
This study also helped to identify the formula and structure of biomolecules which can be used as drugs. How to cite this article: S. Jannet Vennila, Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 5: They have recognized 65 mangrove species in 22 genera and 16 families Kathiresan and Bingham, Acanthus ilicifolius sea holly occurs in tropical Asia and Africa, through Malaya to Polynesia.
It is a tiny shrub or tall herb, upto 1. Shallow tap roots, but occasionally stilt roots are conspicuous. Leaf simple, opposite, decussate, cauline, exstipulate, petiole short, flattened, glabrous, pulvinous to sheathing base. Flower bisexual, typically zygomorphic, complete, erect, sessile, hypogynous.
Tumour reducing and anticarcinogenic activity of Acanthus ilicifolius in mice
Fruit 1 cm green and 2. Malaysia: The leaves of A. It is widely believed among mangrove dwellers that chewing the leaves will protect against snake bite. Malay: The pounded seeds of A. Both species are also used to treat urolithiasis. India: In Ayurveda, the plant is known as Sahachara.
The drug is astringent and makes a good nervine tonic, expectorant and stimulant. It is used in coughs and asthma. The root, boiled in milk, is largely used in leucorrhoea and general debility.
The Siamese and Indo-Chinese consider the roots to be cordial and attenuant and useful in paralysis and asthma.
The tender shoots and leaves are used in India for bite. In Goa, the leaves, which abound in mucilage, are used as an emollient fomentation in rheumatism and neuralgia. Thailand: Water extracted from the bark is used to treat colds and dermatitis. Ground fresh bark is used as an antiseptic. Tea brewed from the leaves relieves pain and purifies the blood Singh et al. The ethanol extract of the plant was found to scavenge superoxide and hydroxyl radicals.
The extract was also found to inhibit the generation of nitric oxide radical and lipid peroxides. Recent, studies have shown that the plant extract has a remarkable hepatoprotective effect. The flavonoids present in the plant were found to have hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities Babu et al. The present study focus to characterize and analyze the phytochemicals by GC-MS, which will throw more insight into identifying the formula of bimolecular therapy in drug studies.
Avicennia officinalis is a commonly available as white mangrove plant in almost all the coastal states of India. It is a folklore medicinal plant used mainly against rheumatism, paralysis, asthma and snake-bites, skin disease, ulcer.
A decoction of the plant with sugar candy and cumin is used in dyspepsia with acid eructations. The fruits are plastered onto tumors in India.
Indian mangrove is a folk remedy for boils and tumors. A resinous substance exuded from the bark acts as a contraceptive and apparently can be taken all year long without ill effects Thirunavukkarasu et al. A voucher specimen of the plant has been deposited at the botanical survey of India herbarium the leaf were air-dried, coarsely powdered and were subjected to extraction.
The dried leaves were powdered by electrical blender. Methanol was used for the extraction of The plant material was loaded in the inner tube of the Soxhlet apparatus and then fitted into a round bottomed flask containing methanol. The extraction was continued until complete extraction was effected 8 h and the solvent was removed at the reduced pressure with the help of rotary vaccum evaporator to yield a viscous dark green residue of methanol leaf extracts.
Phytochemical screening: Phytochemical screenings were performed using standard procedures Sofowora, ; Trease and Evans, The solution was shaken vigorously and observed for a stable persistent froth. H2So4 3 mL was carefully added to form a layer. This was then underlayer with 1 mL of concentrated sulph uric acid. The result was obtained GC-MS analysis for organic constituents of leaves: The GC-MS analysis of Acanthus ilicifolius and Avicennia officinalis was performed using a fison top gas chromatography equipped with a Ab 35 ms capillary coloum 10 mx0.
Helium was the carries gas at flow rate of 1 mL min Table 1 indicates that the methanol extraction of Acanthus ilicifolius leaf showed the presence of phytochemical active compounds such as Protein, Resin, Steroids, Tannins, Glycosides, Reducing sugar, Carbohydrates Saponins, Sterols, terpenoids, phenol, Cardioglycosides and Catachol. But acidic compounds were absent.
In the same way, methanolic extraction of Avicennia officinalis leaf showed the presence of phytochemical active compounds such as Protein, Resin, Steroids, Tannins, Glycosides, Reducing sugar, Carbohydrates Saponins, Sterols, terpenoids, phenol, Cardioglycosides and Catachol. But acidic compounds showed negative result. Table 2 represents the GC-MS analysis of methanolic leaf extraction of Acanthus ilicifolius and Avicennia officinalis.
Furthermore analysis was done with Infrared spectroscopy to identify the functional group present in the above listed compounds for Acanthus ilicifolius and Avicennia officinalis.
The IR spectral analysis showed more or less the same number of peaks for both the plants. Alcohol, phenol, Alkane and Sulphate groups are present in these compounds.
Amer et al reported three novel alkaloids namely 6-hydroxy-benzoxazolinone, 4-hydroxyacanthamine and acanthaminoside. Patra et al. Antibacterial activity was exhibited by the chloroform and methanol extract of the whole plant and m ethanolic extract of the leaves. The cub-plate agar diffusion method was employed to assess the activity. The result of the study revealed that the alcoholic and chloroform extract of the leaves exhibited strong inhibitory action against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Aspergillus niger and moderate inhibitory action against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris.
It is also considered to be a diuretic and is used as a cure for dropsy and bilious swellings. The plant is reported to be used in asthma. The leaves are expectorant, employed as an emollient fomentation in rheumatism and neuralgia.
The leaves and tender shoot are used in snake bite. The root is expectorant and used in asthma. This when boiled in milk is used in leucorrhoea and general debility. Ethnobotanical Studies The plant is used for dyspepsia, paralysis, and asthma. The leaves are reported to be used in headache, rheumatism, and in skin diseases. Leaves and shoots are used as antidote in snake bite. References 1. Pharmacognotic studies on mangrove Acanthus ilicifolius.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. Mastaller M. Mangroves: The forgotten forest between land and sea. Tropical Press. Acanthicifoline-A new alkaloid from Acanthus ilicifolius.
Pol J Chem. A triterpenoid saponin from the roots of Acanthus ilicifolius.
Isolation of 2-Benzoxazolinone from Acanthus ilicifolius. Indian J Pharm Sci. Pentacyclic triterpenoids and sterols from seven species of mangrove.
Nair AG, Pouchaname V. J Indian Chem Soc. Flavonoid glycosides from Acanthus ilicifolius L. Nat Med. Bisoxazolinone from the mangrove Acanthus ilicifolius.
Indian J Chem. Lignan glucosides from Acanthus ilicifolius.
Benzoxazinones from Acanthus ilicifolius
Two new cyclolignan glycosides from Acanthus ilicifolius. Wahidulla S, Bhattacharjee JJ.
Benzoxazinoids from Acanthus ilicifolius. J Indian Inst Sci. Benzoxazinoid glucosides from Acanthus ilicifolius. New aliphatic alcohol and Z Coumaric acid glycosides from Acanthus ilicifolius. Chem Sci Bull. Phenylethanoid and aliphatic alcohol glycosides from Acanthus ilicifolius. Proof of presence of unusually naturally occurring homologous series of fifteen saturated odd and even fatty acids in Acanthus ilicifolius L.
Acanthaceae J Ind Chem Soc. Chemical constituents of Acanthus ilicifolius L.
Arch Pharm Res. A New 5,epoxymegastigmane glucoside from Acanthus ilicifolius. Nat Prod Res.Google Scholar Misra, S.
In Goa, the leaves, which abound in mucilage, are used as an emollient fomentation in rheumatism and neuralgia. Phytochemical screening: Phytochemical screenings were performed using standard procedures Sofowora, ; Trease and Evans, Proof of presence of unusually naturally occurring homologous series of fifteen saturated odd and even fatty acids in Acanthus ilicifolius L.
The result obtained from the phytochemical in GC-MS analysis IR spectral study of these plants, revealed that further investigations may lead to the development of drug formulation. Malaysia: The leaves of A. He has studied this plant for more than 10 years with regard to its chemical analysis. These 60 ducks were randomly divided into low-, middle- and high-dose groups of alcohol extract of Acanthus ilicifolius L.